The Republic of North-West Province, Cameroon borders two other regions in the country as well as three countries in the continent. The North West region is home to the country's third largest port aptly located in the region's political and industrial capital city. There are many ethnic groups inhabiting the region but French is the main language used in interaction and education between them. In fact, French is thoroughly recognized as the main language used in the country mainly due to the diversity of languages. Many factories in the area are built around the cotton industry that include handicrafts, embroidery and the processing of raw cotton. Tourists coming to hunt and see the wildlife in the national parks also contribute to the economic status of the region.has been divided into provinces until the years 2008 when they were abolished and replaced with regions. The
North West Cameroon is a land of vast features ranging from mountains, rivers and depressions. The Bénoué Depression is the major feature associated with the North West region and there is a major fault said to run parallel to it into Chad. The Adamawa plateau is also a considerable impression in the region, dividing the region into two areas with almost different characteristics. The Mandara Mountains are significant in their relationship with the Mandara people who are said to have fled there due to civil strife and jihad. Moreover, there are several hills in the region all with varied elevations contributing to a checkered distribution. The human settlement has led to disappearance of most of the indigenous wildlife found in the area. However, the national parks in the area have helped to preserve and protect most of the endangered animals such as rhinoceros. The North West Culture is what determines their preferred mode of housing but most of them settle in villages built around the ruler's house. However there are also a considerable number of nomadic inhabitants who are pastoralists. The traditional culture has also interfered with the development of education and even heath.
The northern side of the region has brown or brownish reddish soil which is mostly shallow. The southern side has hydromorphic soils. In between these two areas is the Adamawa plateau whose soil often has considerable amounts of iron deposits due to erosion. The mountains and high points have young soil with high mineral content due to the volcanic nature of the location. The construction of a water dam from The Bénoué River has helped the people to produce electricity that powers the three Northern provinces. The neighboring populations also use the dam as a fishing ground and a source of water for irrigation. The rainy season in North West Cameroon brings about high water content in the rivers which at times may lead to flooding. On the other hand the dry season is really dry to the extent that some rivers dry up completely leaving empty beds. During this time, people plant along the river banks so as to use the only available moisture. Moreover, they have to retrieve water underneath the ground by digging until the rains come again. Many rivers in the region such as the Vina and The Bénoué River form either a part of the Niger basin or the Chad basin.